Magasinet Wired giver her deres guide til begrebet cyberkrig. Skrevet af Andy Greenberg
For nearly a decade, cyberpolicy doves have been calling, largely in vain, for some sort of global treaty or convention that could establish rules for cyberwarfare. In their 2010 book Cyber War, Clarke and Knake proposed a Cyber War Limitation Treaty, which would ban first-use attacks on another country’s critical infrastructure. More recently, Microsoft president Brad Smith has called for a Digital Geneva Convention that would prohibit cyberattacks on civilian targets. Josh Corman, a former director of the Cyber Statecraft Initiative at the Atlantic Council think tank, has suggested a more limited agreement that he describes as a “cyber no-fly-zone” around hospitals, one that would essentially start the process of limiting cyberwarfare by making any life-threatening attack on medical facilities a war crime.
The first major historical event that could credibly fit Clarke and Knake’s definition—what some have dubbed “Web War I”—had arrived just a few years earlier. It hit one of the world’s most wired countries: Estonia.
In the the spring of 2007, an unprecedented series of so-called distributed denial of service, or DDoS, attacks slammed more than a hundred Estonian websites, taking down the country’s online banking, digital news media, government sites, and practically anything else that had a web presence. The attacks were a response to the Estonian government’s decision to move a Soviet-era statue out of a central location in the capital city of Tallinn, angering the country’s Russian-speaking minority and triggering protests on the city’s streets and the web.
Jeg kan efterfølgende anbefale at læse Wireds artikel om NotPetya-angrebet der i stor stil gik ud over Mærsk.